Bee Forage Species Region 12

List of Honey Bee Forage Species within Region 12 for the State of VA

Interactive map link (click here)

 

USDA code Family Latin Name Common Name Plant Type Begin Bloom Month End Bloom Month Sig
CUCUR Cucurbitaceae Cucurbita L. Pumpkin, squash, gourd C 1 12 N
CUSA4 Cucurbitaceae Cucumis sativus cucumber C 1 12 N
VACCI Ericaceae Vaccinium Blueberry, huckleberry SDB 1 6 N
ACER Aceraceae Acer maple TDB 1 5 N
ALNUS Betulaceae Alnus Mill. Alder TDB 1 6 N
CUME Cucurbitaceae Cucumis melo Cantaloupe, muskmelon, casaba, C 2 8 N
TAOFC Asteraceae Taraxacum Dandelion, blow-balls F 2 9 N
CRATA Rosaceae Crataegus Hawthorn S 2 6 N
SALIX Salicaceae Salix Willow, osier TDB 2 6 N
PRUNU Rosaceae Prunus Plum (cultivated) C 3 4 N
RUBUS Rosaceae Rubus Blackberry S, C 3 6 N
CERCI2 Fabaceae Cercis Redbud, judas tree TDB 3 5 N
DIVI5 Ebenaceae Diospyros virginiana Persimmon, possumwood, date plum TDB 3 6 N
MALUS Rosaceae Malus Apple TDB 3 5 N
PRAV Rosaceae Prunus Cherry (uncultivated) TDB 3 5 N
QUERC Fagaceae Quercus Oak TDB 3 5 N
ROPS Fabaceae Robinia pseudoacacia Black locust, false acacia, yellow locust TDB 3 6 N
PYRUS Rosaceae Pyrus Pear C 4 5 N
ZEMAM2 Poaceae Zea mays Corn, maize C 4 9 N
BAVU Brassicaaceae Barbarea vulgaris Yellow rocket, winter cress F 4 6 N
CIRSI Asteraceae Cirsium Thistles F 4 10 N
MELIL Fabaceae Melilotus Sweet clover (white/yellow) F 4 10 N
MONAR Lamiaceae Monarda Horsemint, wild bergamot, bee-balm F 4 10 N
TRHY Fabaceae Trifolium hybridum Alsike clover F 4 9 N
TRPR2 Fabaceae Trifolium pratense Red clover F 4 9 N
TRRE3 Fabaceae Trifolium repens White, dutch clover F 4 10 N
VICIA Fabaceae Vicia Vetch, tare F 4 9 N
GAYLU Ericaceae Gaylussacia Huckleberry S 4 6 N
LIGUS2 Oleaceae Ligustrum Privet, hedge plant S 4 7 N
GLTR Fabaceae Gleditsia triacanthos Honey and sweet locust, honeyshuck TDB 4 6 N
LITU Magnoliaceae Liriodendron tulipifera Tulip tree, poplar, whitewood TDB 4 6 Y
SAMBU Caprifoliaceae Sambucus Elderberry, elder TDB, S 4 7 N
ILEX Aquifoliaceae Ilex Holly, yaupon TEB 4 6 N
LONIC Caprifoliceae Lonicera honeysuckle V 4 8 N
CILAL Cucurbitaceae Citrullus lanatus watermelon C 5 8 N
ASTER Asteraceae Aster Aster F 5 11 Y
BIDEN Asteraceae Bidens Spanish needles, beggar-ticks, bur marigold, stick-tights, pitchforks, tickseed F 5 11 N
POLYG4 Polygonaceae Polygonum Smartweed, knotweed, fleece flower F 5 11 N
RHUS Anacardiaceae Rhus Sumac, sugar bush, lemonade berry S 5 9 N
OXAR Ericaceae Oxydendrum arboreum Sourwood, sorrel tree, titi TDB 5 7 Y
VIUN Fabaceae Vigna unguiculata Cowpea, black-eyed pea C 6 9 N
ASCLE Asclepiadaceae Asclepias Milkweed, butterfly flower F 6 8 N
CASSI Fabaceae Cassia Partridge-pea, senna F 6 10 N
EUPEP Asteraceae Eupatorium Boneset, joe-pye weed F 6 11 N
HELIA3 Asteraceae Helianthus Sunflower F 6 11 N
TILIA Tiliaceae Tilia Basswood, lime tree, whitewood TDB 6 7 N
GLYCI Fabaceae Glycine Soybean, soja bean C 7 10 N
SOLID Asteraceae Solidago Goldenrod F 7 11 Y
FRAGA Rosaceae Fragaria _ananassa Strawberry F 12 5 N
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Plant Type codes:

Sig column

      T    - tree
    TDB - tree, deciduous broadleaf
    TEN - tree, evergreen needleleaf
    TEB - tree, evergreen broadleaf
      S    - shrub
    SEB - shrub, evergreen broadleaf
    SDB - shrub, deciduous broadleaf
      V    - vine
    VDB - vine, deciduous broadleaf
      G    - grass
      F    - forb (herbaceous flowering plants, non-woody)
      C    - crops/cultivated
   This column indicates whether or not the species is considered a very important nectar source species within the state and region selected. If it is a significant source, it is indicated here with a 'Y' and the row is highlighted.

In this context, important is defined by Ayers and Harman as those species that "reliably produce a large percent of the harvested honey" within the selected region.